Department of Dermatology,
Venerology and Allergology
Charité – Universitätsmedizin

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Particles for drug delivery: Perspectives and risk assessment

Research topics:

Penetration kinetics of particulate substances into the stratum corneum and into the hair follicles, drug delivery by particles, release mechanisms of active components from particles at the target structure, safety evaluation of particles.


Cyanoacrylate biopsy
Penetration of fluorescing nanoparticles into hair follicle
  • Differential stripping (combination of tape stripping and cyanoacrylate skin surface biopsy) for separate analysis of intercellular and follicular penetration
  • Laser scanning microscopy of histological sections for the determination of the follicular penetration depth of topically applied particles
  • Separation of epidermal Langerhans cells and analysis of their uptake of topically applied substances
  • In vivo laser scanning microscopy
  • Two-photon microscopy combined with FLIM and CARS (in vivo, ex vivo, in vitro)
  • Confocal Raman microscopy combined with SERS (in vivo, ex vivo, in vitro)
  • In vivo and in vitro electron paramagnetic resonance L, X, W-band spectroscopy
  • Penetration and storage of drugs as well as the determination of drug localization within a dermal carrier system
  • X-ray microscopy
  • Non-invasive assessment of irritative effects (erythema, barrier damage, stratum corneum desiccation)

Detection of ZnO nanoparticles on the skin surface using Raman spectroscopy

The CCP is member of the Collaborative Research Center 1112 - Nanocarriers: Architecture, Transport, and Topical Application of Drugs for Therapeutic Use:



Zhu, Choe, Ahlberg, Meinke, Alexiev, Lademann, Darvin, 2015.
"Penetration of silver nanoparticles into porcine skin ex vivo using fluorescene lifetime imaging microscopy, Raman microscopy, and surface enhanced Raman scattering microscopy".
JBO, 20(5), 051006,

A. Vogt, S. Hadam, I. Deckert, J. Schmidt, A. Stroux, Z. Afraz, F. Rancan, J. Lademann, B. Combadiere, U. Blume-Peytavi
Hair follicle targeting, penetration enhancement and langerhans cell activation make cyanoacrylate skin surface stripping a promising delivery technique for transcutaneous immunization with large molecules and particle-based vaccines
Exp Dermatol, 2015, 24, 55-80

S. B. Lohan, S. Bauersachs, S. Ahlberg, N. Baisaeng, C. M. Keck, R. H. Müller, E. Witte, K. Wolk, S. Hackbarth, B. Röder, J. Lademann, M. C. Meinke
Ultra-small lipid nanoparticles promote the penetration of coenzyme Q10 in skin cells and counteract oxidative stress
Eur J Pharm Biopharm 89 (2015) 201-7/Doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2014.12.008. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

S. Ahlberg, M.C. Meinke, L. Werner, M. Epple, J. Diendorf, U. Blume-Peytavi, J. Lademann, A. Vogt, F. Rancan
Comparison of silver nanoparticles stored under air or argon with respect to the induction of intracellular free radicals and toxic effects toward keratinocytes
Eur J Pharm Biopharm 88 (2014), 651-657

M. Ulmer, A. Patzelt, T. Vergou, H. Richter, G. Müller, A. Kramer, W. Sterry, V. Czaika, J. Lademann (2013). In vivo investigation of the efficiency of a nanoparticle-emulsion containing polihexanide on the human skin. Eur J Pharm Biopharm, 84: 325-329.
A. Patzelt, J. Lademann
Drug delivery to hair follicles
Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. (2013) 10(6), 787-797

R. B. Baleeiro, K.-H. Wiesmüller, Y. Reiter, B. Baude, L. Dähne, A. Patzelt, J. Lademann, J. A. Barbuto, P. Walden
Topical vaccination with functionalized particles targeting dendritic cells
JID (2013), 133, 1933-41

J. Lademann, H. Richter, M. C. Meinke, B. Lange-Asschenfeldt, C. Antoniou, W. C. Mak, R. Renneberg, W. Sterry, A. Patzelt
Drug delivery with topically applied nanoparticles: Science fiction or reality?
Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2013;26:227-233

J. Lademann, A. Patzelt, H. Richter, O. Lademann, G. Baier, L. Breucker, K. Landfester
Nanocapsules for drug delivery through the skin barrier by tissue-tolerable plasma
Laser Phys Lett 10 (2013) 083001 (7pp)

J. Lademann, H. Richter, A. Teichmann, N. Otberg, U. Blume-Peytavi, J. Luengo, B. Weiß, U. F. Schaefer, C.-M. Lehr, R. Wepf, W. Sterry (2007). Nanoparticles-an efficient carrier for drug delivery into the hair follicles-comparison of the penetration and storage of topically applied substances in particle and non-particle form. Eur J Pharm Biopharm, 66: 159-164.